Which Firebase Database to go?

Historical past goes again on Firebase database not too far past. Based as a cellular and net improvement platform, Firebase was introduced into existence in 2011 after which in 2014 it was acquired by the tech big Google and its destiny modified.

Skipping forward of the historical past of the evolution of Firebase, inside one yr after its acquisition by Google, it was merged with Divshot and since then it has expanded to turn into a unified platform for cellular builders.

Firebase now integrates with varied different Google companies to supply broader merchandise and scale for builders. In truth, the advantages that it provides makes Firebase for startups an in-trend course of.

So what’s Firebase database? Firebase is a BaaS, that’s, Backend as a Service. Utilizing the Merchandise offered by Firebase, it’s not simply the Cell builders who can construct high-quality functions. Google has launched a number of new options for Firebase net customers as good. 

There are two merchandise of Firebase which make it attainable to construct all of the functions we simply talked about. Realtime and Cloud Firestore.

Realtime is the well-established product of Google’s Firebase database and Cloud Firestore, whereas promising higher applied sciences, remains to be in its beta testing stage.

As per Google:

Realtime database is Firebase’s unique database. It’s an environment friendly and low-latency answer for a cellular app that requires synced states throughout purchasers in real-time.

Cloud Firestore is Firebase’s new flagship database for cellular app improvement. It improves on the successes of the Realtime Database with a brand new, extra intuitive knowledge mannequin. Cloud Firestore additionally options richer, quicker queries and scales higher than the Realtime Database.

Earlier than coming to the person properties of the Realtime Database and Cloud Firestore, allow us to take a look at what are the benefits and downsides of utilizing Firebase database in your subsequent undertaking:

Benefits of Firebase Database:

Advantages of Firebase DatabaseIf we take a look on the listing of causes, why one ought to use firebase database as their one-stop database for all of the cellular and net app improvement, we are going to see why Firebase db has turn into such a giant hit in cellular app improvement business.

  • Simple Information Migration – The latest developments have given the builders the instruments to simply migrate the info out.
  • No additional information required – Virtually zero information is required about devOps or sysadmin to function in Firebase db.
  • Validation of varied knowledge sorts – Though Firebase database construction is schemaless, it nonetheless has the fundamental capacity to validate varied knowledge sorts.
  • One-stop software – It’s an all-encompassing software and the one one that you just essentially require for the backend of a small cellular software.
  • Simpler to make use of – The issue stage of utilization is a bit above common however it’s simpler than most different techniques on the subject of integration with the analytics and crash monitoring
  • Free Utilization – It’s free within the preliminary section so builders who’re making an attempt it out for the primary time don’t have to fret about making a giant preliminary funding
  • Wealthy Code Libraries – All of the code libraries throughout programming languages are related and good maintained for newcomers too.
  • JSON knowledge construction – The info construction is JSON which maps completely with the UI JavaScript.
  • Quick improvement – Getting an software created from scratch could be very quick – authentication, electronic mail, versioning, internet hosting, monitoring, DevOps, uptime.
  • Simple streaming – Realtime functioning or streaming updates are very straightforward.

Allow us to now evaluate The Realtime database and Cloud Firestore to have a clearer understanding of when to make use of which. Cloud firestore remains to be in its beta testing stage and it’s wanting and dealing in a extra promising method than Realtime database. On this comparability, will see how the 2 databases differ from one another and who wins the realtime database vs cloud firestore.

Information mannequin

  • Realtime database shops knowledge as one giant JSON tree which makes it very straightforward to retailer easy knowledge however Advanced or hierarchical knowledge is more durable to organise at scale.
  • Cloud Firestore however shops knowledge within the type of paperwork that are organised in collections. On this, storing of easy knowledge is much like JSON and it’s saved in paperwork. Whereas, the complicated or hierarchical knowledge shouldn’t be simpler to organise at scale with the usage of subcollections inside paperwork. And total it requires lesser denormalization and knowledge flattening.

Actual-time and Offline help

  • Realtime database gives offline help for under the Android and iOS cellular purchasers.
  • Cloud Firestore, however, gives offline help for Android, iOS and net purchasers as good.


  • Realtime database gives deep queries with restricted sorting and filtering performance the place the builders can both type or filter on a property in a single question. And all of the queries are deep by default, that’s, the all the time return the whole subtree.
  • Cloud Firestore indexes question with compound sorting and filtering the place the builders can chain filter and mix filtering and sorting on a property in a single question. It’s also attainable to jot down shallow queries for subcollections, that’s, builders can question inside a doc as an alternative of a complete assortment or a complete doc. Not solely this however the queries are listed by default, it implies that the question efficiency is proportional to the scale of the consequence set and never the info set.


  • In Realtime database, there are primary write and transaction operations. Write knowledge works as a person operation and Transactions require a completion callback within the native SDKs.
  • Cloud Firestore permits Atomic write and transaction operations. It batches operations and completes them routinely. Additionally, transactions routinely repeat themselves till they’re accomplished.

Efficiency and reliability

  • The realtime database is a mature product. It has the soundness of a number of instances tried and examined true product. It additionally has very low latency so it’s a good choice for frequent state-syncing. Though, databases are restricted to zonal availability in a single area.
  • Cloud Firestore efficiency can’t be measured but as a result of it remains to be in its beta stage. And stability in beta product shouldn’t be the identical as that of a completely launched product. However by way of reliability, Cloud Firestore homes all of your knowledge throughout a number of knowledge centres in several areas, guaranteeing world scalability and powerful reliability. In principle, each time Cloud Firestore comes out of beta, it would have a stronger reliability than Realtime database.


  • In Realtime database, scaling requires sharding. To place it merely, Scale to approx 100,000 concurrent connections and 1000 writes/second in a single database and past that, it requires sharding your knowledge throughout a number of databases.
  • When Cloud firestore releases out of beta, scaling in it will likely be automated and builders gained’t must shard their knowledge throughout a number of cases.


  • Realtime database has cascading guidelines that require separate validation. The firebase database guidelines are the one safety choices right here and the builders must validate knowledge individually utilizing ‘validate’ rule.
  • Cloud Firestore has an easier and extra highly effective safety for cellular, net and server SDKs which use Id and Entry Administration (IAM). Information validation additionally occurs routinely. Additionally, guidelines can constraint queries, that’s, if a question’s outcomes would possibly comprise knowledge that the developer doesn’t have entry to, the whole question fails.


  • The realtime database solely expenses for bandwidth and storage however at the next worth.
  • Cloud Firestore, however, expenses totally on operations carried out in your database (Learn, write, delete) and at a decrease fee, bandwidth and storage. It additionally helps each day spending limits for Google App Engine initiatives.

Are you continue to questioning how does firebase work? Let’s rewind a abstract of what we’ve got identified within the above article.

How Does Firebase Work

When to make use of Realtime Database:

  • In case your knowledge is straightforward and never complicated or hierarchical
  • If it’s essential scale beneath 100,000 concurrent connections 1000 writes/second in a single database
  • Once you want a database which expenses for total bandwidth and storage and never particular person operations carried out.

When to make use of Cloud Firestore database:

  • In case your knowledge is complicated or hierarchical
  • In case your knowledge scales over 100,000 concurrent connections
  • For those who want a extra exact spending restrict and a database which expenses totally on 1 are PicCollage, Fabulous, Shazam and Skyscanner and we will all agree that they’re operating efficiently.

In conclusion, the Firebase db fashions have it going good for them. Realtime firebase has been operating efficiently for years now and final yr with the discharge of beta model of Cloud Firestore, higher issues are in retailer of cellular app builders and app improvement corporations.

Apeksha Mehta

Apeksha Mehta


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